Punjab

Punjab

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The Harmandir Sahib (also known as the Golden Temple) is the gurdwara of worship of Sikhs.

Main article: Tourism in Punjab

The state of Punjab is renowned for its cuisine, culture and history. Punjab has a vast public transportation and communication network. Some of the main cities in Punjab are Amritsar, Chandigarh, jalandhar, Patiala, Nabha and Ludhiana. Nabha is known for the combines made here while Patiala is known for the historical forts. Punjab also has a rich Sikh religious history. Tourism in Punjab is principally suited for the tourists interested in culture, ancient civilisation, spirituality and epic history. Some of the villages in Punjab are also a must see for the person who wants to see the true Punjab, with their beautiful traditional Indian homes, farms and temples, this is a must see for any visitor that goes to India. Lonely Planet Bluelist 2008 has voted theHarmandir Sahib as one of the world’s best spiritual sites with over 100,000 pilgrims and tourists visiting on a daily basis. Since Amritsar is a big tourist spot, a lot of five star hotels are getting attracted to open up properties here. Hotel Ista has become very popular with nonresident Indian (NRI) community. New properties by Radisson and Taj are coming up in this city.

2. Moti Bagh palace

Moti Bagh palace

Moti Bagh Palace , is a palace in Patiala, and was built as one of the largest residences in the world and served as principal residence for Patiala royal family till late 40′ when it shifted to New Motibagh Palace which acts as permanent residence toMaharaja of Patiala and his family.

The old quarters were built in 1840s by Maharaja of Patiala, and was expanded in 1920s during the reign of Maharaja Bhupinder Singh. After independence Maharaja Yadavindra Singh donated it to Government of India which later converted a part of it into a museum, a taxidermy gallery, and North Zone Cultural Centre.

National Institute of Sports (NIS) Patiala is situated in its East wing, [1] where the annual Patiala Heritage festival is celebrated. New Moti bagh is residence of Maharaja Patiala Captian Amrinder singh.

3.Virasat-e-Khalsa museum

Virasat-e-Khalsa , formerly known as Khalsa Heritage Memorial Complex) is a museum located inAnandpur Sahib. The museum gives an insight to the events that took place in Punjab five hundred years ago that gave birth toSikhism and finally the Khalsa Panth. The museum aims to illuminate the vision of the Gurus, their message of peace and brotherhood and the culture and heritage of Punjab.The museum is intended to commemorate 500 years of Sikh history and the 300th anniversary of the Khalsa, the scriptures written by the 10th and last living Guru of Sikhism, Guru Gobind Singh.

After thirteen years of construction it was inaugurated on November 25, 2011[2][3] and opened to the public on November 27, 2011.

 

4. Sukhna Lake

Sukhna Lake in ChandigarhIndia is an artificial lake at the foothills of the Himalayas, the Shivalik hills. This 3 km² rainfed lake was created in 1958 by damming the Sukhna Choe, a seasonal stream coming down from the Shivalik Hills. Originally the seasonal flow entered the lake directly causing heavy siltation. To check the inflow of silt, 25.42 km² of land was acquired in the catchment area and put under vegetation. In 1974, the Choe was diverted and made to bypass the lake completely, the lake being fed by three siltation pots, minimising the entry of silt into the lake itself.

The creation of the lake was one of the greatest gifts from Le Corbusier and the Chief Engineer P L Verma to the city of Chandigarh. To preserve its tranquility Corbusier insisted that it be forbidden to motor boats and the top of the dam (promenade) prohibited to vehicular traffic. The lake is fringed by a golf course to the south, and Nek Chand‘s famous Rock Garden of Chandigarh to its west.

5.Open Hand Monument

Open Hand Monument is a structure built in Chandigarh by legendary architect, Le Corbusier. Chandigarh hosts the largest of Le Corbusier’s many Open Hand sculptures. It Stands 26 meters high, the structure was designed to move in the wind. It is located in sector 1 in the Capitol Complex in Chandigarh.

he Open Hand (La Main Ouverte) is a recurring motif in Le Corbusier’s architecture, a sign for him of “peace and reconciliation. It is open to give and open to receive.” It represents the give and take of ideas.

6. Qila Mubarak

Qila Mubarak (Punjabi: ਕ਼ਿਲਾ ਮੁਬਾਰਕ) (Quila means fort) located at Patiala is a rare and outstanding example of Sikh Palace architecture in India.

There is a great collection of different type and sizes of mirrors in Darbaar hall. The great and beautiful paintings of Sikh rulers is also an attractive part of Darbaar hall. No one can neglect the beauty of the imposing art work, done with glass by giving different colours, of Androon hall.

Quila Mubarak was first built as a kachigarhi (mud fortress) by Baba Ala Singh in 1763, who was the founder of the Patiala dynasty. Later, it was reconstructed in baked bricks. The interior portion of Quila, which is known as Quila Androon is built by Maharaja Amar Singh.

The residential palace of Royal family of Patiala, Qila Mubarak complex is built in 10-acre (40,000 m2) ground in the heart of the city. The whole complex contains Ran Baas(Guest house) and the Darbar Hall (Divan Khana)  besides Quila Androon. There is also underground sewerage system in the Quila.

7.Zakir Hussain Rose Garden

Zakir Hussain Rose Garden, is a botanical garden located in Chandigarh, India and spread over 30 acres (120,000 m2) of land,with 50,000 rose-bushes of 1600 different species. Named after India’s former president, Zakir Hussain and created in 1967 under the guidance of Dr M.S. Randhawa, Chandigarh’s first chief commissioner, the garden has the distinction of being Asia’s largest. The garden has not only roses, but also trees of medicinal value. Some of the medicinal plants that can be spotted here are bel, bahera, harar, camphor and yellow gulmohar. The rose plants have been planted in carved-out lawns and flower beds.

Apart from serving as a host of other events, the Zakir Rose Garden serves as the venue for hosting the annual Festival of Gardens, a major cultural event of the city during the month of March. Celebrated mainly as a tribute to the magnificence of the rose itself, the attractions include food, drinks, joyrides, and contests of varying nature, such as photography, gardening, landscaping, bonsai, and Rose Prince and Princess. The contests are open to the residents or institutions from nearby places.

8.Harike wetland

Harike Wetland also known as “Hari-ke-Pattan”, with the Harike Lake in the deeper part of it, is the largest wetland innorthern India in the Tarn Taran Sahib district of the Punjab state in India. The wetland and the lake were formed by constructing the headworks across the Sutlej river, in 1953. The headworks is located downstream of the confluence of the Beas and Sutlej rivers. The rich biodiversity of the wetland which plays a vital role in maintaining the precious hydrological balance in the catchment with its vast concentration of migratory fauna of waterfowls including a number of globally threatened species (stated to be next only to the Keoladeo National Park near Bharatpur) has been responsible for the recognition accorded to this wetland in 1990, by the Ramsar Convention, as one of the Ramasar sites in India, for conservation, development and preservation of the ecosystem.:

This man-made, riverine, lacustrine wetland spreads into the three districts of Amritsar, Ferozepur and Kapurthala in Punjab and covers an area of 4100 ha. Conservation of this Wetland has been given due importance, since 1987–88, both by the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India and the Punjab State Government (through its several agencies), and over the years several studies and management programmes have been implemented.