The names and the locations of 12 other Jyotirlingas are mentioned in the Shiva Purana. These shrines are:
Somnath is traditionally considered the first pilgrimage site: the Dwadash Jyotirlinga pilgrimage begins with the Somnath Temple. The temple, that was destroyed and re-built sixteen times, is held in reverence throughout India and is rich in legend, tradition, and history. It is located at Prabhas Patan (Somnath – Veraval) in Saurashtra in Gujarat.
Mallikarjuna Swamina Swami
Mallikārjuna, also called Srisaila, is located on a mountain on the river Krishna.Srisailam, in Kurnool District in Rayalaseema enshrines Mallikarjuna in an ancient temple that is architecturally and sculpturally rich. It is a place where Shakti peetha and Jyotirlingam are together.
Mahakal, Ujjain (or Avanti) in Madhya Padesh is home to the Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga temple. The Lingam at Mahakal is believed to be Swayambhu, the only one of the 12 Jyotirlingams to be so. It is also the only one facing south and also the temple to have a Shree Yatra perched upside down at the ceiling of the Garbhagriha(where the Shiv Lingam sits). It is a place where Shakti peeta and Jyotirlingam are together.
Island in the Narmada River, Omkareshwar
Omkareshwar is in Madhya Pradesh on an island in the Narmada River and home to a Jyotirlinga shrine and the Mamaleshwar temple.
Kedarnath in Uttarakhand is revered as the northernmost and the closest Jyotirlinga to Lord Shiva’s eternal abode of Mount Kailash. It is considered to be 1/2 jyotirlinga along with Pashupatinath in Nepal.Kedarnath forms a part of the smaller Char Dham pilgrimage circuit of Hinduism. Kedarnath, nestled in the snow-clad Himalayas, is an ancient shrine, rich in legend and tradition. It is accessible only by foot, and only for six months a year. It is also one of the Padal Petra Stalamof Vada Needu mentioned in Thevaaram. The other half of Kedarnath is Pashupatinath in Nepal. Shiva assumed the form of wild boar and dived into the earth at Kedarnath to emerge at Pashupatinath. Pure ghee is applied at Kedarnath lingam as the boar was injured.
Bhimashankar is very much debated. There is a Bhimashankara temple near Pune (pictured) in Maharashtra, which was referred to as Daakini country, but Kashipur in Uttarakhandwas also referred to as Daakini country in ancient days and a Bhimashkar Temple known as Shree Moteshwar Mahadev is present there. Another Bhimashankar is in the Sahyadri range of Maharashtra. The Bhimashankar temple near Guwahati, Assam is the jyotirlinga according to Sivapuran.According to “LINGA PURAN”, Bhimasankar temple in Bhimpur near Gunupur of Rayagada district in South Orissa is also believed as Bhimasankar Jyotirlinga, which is situated at the western part of the holy Mahendragiri mountains and at the river bank of Mahendratanaya(which is also believed as the Daakini area by many historian), was excavated in the year 1974, having quadrangular Shakti around the Linga and decorated by a Upavita as per the puran.
Kashi Viswanath Temple
Kashi Viswanath Templein Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh is home to the Vishwanath Jyotirlinga shrine, which is perhaps the most sacred of Hindu shrines. It is also one of the Padal Petra Stalam of Vada Naadu mentioned in Thevaaram. The temple is situated in Varanasi the holiest existing place of Hindus, where at least once in life a Hindu is expected to do pilgrimage, and if possible, also pour the remains of cremated ancestors on the River Ganges. The temple stands on the western bank of the holy river Ganges, and is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas. In fact, it is a place where Shakti peeta and Jyotirlingam are together. It is the holiest of all Shiva temples. The main deity is known by the name Vishwanath or Vishweshwara meaning Ruler of the universe. The temple town, which claims to be the oldest living city in the world, with 3500 years of documented history, is also called Kashi.
Trimbakeshwar Shiva Temple
Trimbakeshwar, Near Nashik
Trimbakeshwar Temple, near Nasikin Maharashtra, is a Jyotirlinga shrine associated with the origin of the Godavari River.
Baijanath Jyotirlinga Temple(also known as Baidyanath Dham)is located in Deoghar, Jharkhand. In the month of Shravana millions of devotee visit the temple. Bholebaba darshan during Shravan month attracts devotees from across India and overseas.It is believed that once Ravan worshipped Shiva for years and requested his god (Shiva) to come to Lanka . Shiva manifested as shivaling and asked Ravan to not to put down anywhere until he takes it to Lanka. Vishnu intercepted Ravana in between and convinced him to keep it for sometime. Since then shiva resides as Vaijanath in Deoghar.
Nageshvara Jyotirlinga is one of the 12 Jyotirlinga shrines mentioned in the Shiva Purana (Śatarudra Saṁhitā,Ch.42/2-4, referred as “nagesham darukavane”). Nageshvara is believed as the first Jyotirlinga on the earth. There are three major shrines in India which are believed as identical to this Jyotirlinga. Those are the Jageshwar temple near Almora in Uttarakhand state, the Nageshwara temple near Dwaraka in Gujarat state and the Nagnath temple in Aundha in Maharashtra state.
Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu is home to the vast Ramalingeswarar Jyotirlinga temple and is revered as the southernmost of the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines of India. It enshrines the Rameśvara (“Lord of Rama”) pillar. It is also one of the Padal Petra Stalam of Pandya Naadu mentioned in Thevaaram.
Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga is one of the 12 Jyotirlinga shrines mentioned in the Shiva Purana (kotirudra sahinta,Ch.32-33 referred as “Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga”). Grishneshwar is believed as the Last or 12th (twelfth) Jyotirlinga on the earth. This pilgrimage site is located at a village called Verul which lies at a distance of 11 km from Daulatabad and 30 km from Aurangabad. It lies at a close proximity to the Ellora caves.
Some of the most famous and revered Lord Shiva temples in India exist from time immemorial, and they were built at a time when there was no satellite and technology, forget instruments that could measure the exact longitude and latitude.
But, somehow each of these seven temples are accurately aligned in a geographic straight line of- 79° E 41’54” Longitude.
Beginning at Kedarnath and ending at Rameswaram, these Shiva temples were back then, built using the yogic calculations.
Five of these seven temples have Shiva Linga, represented as the manifestation of five basic elements of nature: Temple of water is in Thiruvanaikaval, temple of fire is in Thiruvannamalai , temple of air is in Kalahasti , temple of earth is in Kanchipuram and the temple for space/sky is in Chidambaram.
Lord Siva Temples in India on almost same Longitude
1.Kedarnath – Kedarnath Temple (30.7352° N, 79.0669)